Drug detoxification, or drug detox since it is popularly known, is the process of abstaining from the drugs while simultaneously controlling withdrawal symptoms. Typically, withdrawal signs and symptoms occur with sudden stoppage of the drug. Severe side effects are proven to occur coupled with intense cravings for the substance of addiction. The length of time that the withdrawal symptoms occur depend on factors such as the type of drug utilized, the general physical and mental health condition of the patient, etc ., among others.
During the drug detox period, the body will be given time to get rid of the drug residues accumulated in the system (many of which are toxic) due to long-term use. Drug detox is an unpleasant encounter for the drug addict and is considered to be one of the important reasons why addicts fear the detoxification process.
Drug Detox Programs
In this context, it is important to know that failing to choose a properly managed recovery program can lead to relapsing into substance abuse all over again. Family members and friends might not prove to be of much assistance to get the abuser to quit the habit. A professionally handled drug detox program under healthcare supervision is the best way to go. A program beneath the care of a specialist will be geared to look after both physical and psychological problems that come along with the process.
Both inpatient plus outpatient facilities are available and what kind a patient should undergo depends on the intensity of the drug addiction. The consulting medical specialist makes a decision on this. The programs are conducted in facilities that can boast of comprehensive medical support as many medical emergencies may arise during the drug detox phase.
Withdrawal from tranquilizers and opiates cause symptoms such as trembling, perspiring, chills, slowed down breathing, etc . Drawback from drugs such as ecstasy, weed and cocaine can cause depression, sleeping disorders, paranoia and anxiety, among a number of other symptoms. Sudden stoppage of drugs is known to cause heart attacks and strokes in some addicts and a professional drug detox program can minimize such risks.
Drug Detox Levels
The acute stage is the initial stage of withdrawal. This usually lasts for a few weeks and is after that followed by the post-acute stage. Throughout the acute stage more physical drawback symptoms come to the fore, while in the post-acute stage, the mental symptoms are more evident and bodily symptoms lessen. This is attributed to the conflict between the neural and junk systems that occur due to drawback of the drugs.
Withdrawal Symptoms Therapy
Cocaine and meth addiction will be treated by using benzodiazepines. These drugs are by themselves addictive; therefore they may be administered under strict medical guidance. Heroin addiction is treated with methadone. Some drug detox programs suggest quitting cold turkey. The actual physical suffering and pain on preventing the drugs can be immense. Depressive disorder and psychosis that occur due to withdrawal of drugs such as crack are treated with neuroleptics. Addiction to certain other drugs is treated with calcium-channel blockers.
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Use of vitamin C is seen to be effective in overcoming effects of prescribed stimulants used by meth addicts when it comes to recovery.